What is Mindfulness?
“What day is it?” asked Pooh. “It’s today,” squeaked Piglet. “My favourite day,” said Pooh. – A A Milne
Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one’s attention to experiences occurring in the present moment. While many people think mindfulness means meditation, this is not the case. Mindfulness is a mental state of openness, awareness and flexible attention. Mindfulness meditation is just one way among many of learning to cultivate this state.
There are many therapeutic applications, like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) based on mindfulness that help people who are experiencing a variety of psychological conditions. Mindfulness is recognised as effective in the reduction of both rumination and worry, reducing stress, increased fulfilment, raises self-awareness, enhances emotional intelligence, and undermines destructive emotive, cognitive, and behavioural processes. By noticing and accepting difficult thoughts and emotions and not trying to struggle against them can help to alleviate and address them more effectively.